Tip of the Quill: A Journal
What Is The Ogdensburg Agreement

The Ogdensburg Agreement was an agreement between Canadian Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King and U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt on August 17, 1940 in Heuvelton, near Ogdensburg, New York. [1] He outlined a permanent plan for mutual foreign defence between the United States and Canada and created the Permanent Defence Council. The Agreement reached on April 20 in Hyde Park between President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Mackenzie King, which provides for the coordination of production programs in the United States and Canada for domestic defence and for Britain, led to economic and financial cooperation in the military area by the Ogdensburg Agreement of August 17. , 1940. The Ogdensburg Agreement, which provided for the creation of a Permanent Defence Council, implemented the promise made by President Roosevelt on August 18, 1938 in Kingston, Ontario, when he declared, “The Dominion of Canada is part of the sorority of the British Empire. I assure you that people in the United States will not stand idly by when supremacy on Canadian soil is threatened by another empire. While there is an identity of view and interest between the two countries in such matters of mutual interest as in many others, each country`s decision was taken independently in line with the practice developed since the creation of the Standing Committee on Common Defence in 1940. There were no contracts, executive contracts or contractual commitments. Each country determines the extent of its practical cooperation with respect to all the above principles. Any country can stop cooperating at any time in one country or the other.

Neither country will take measures inconsistent with the Charter of the United Nations. The Charter remains the cornerstone of everyone`s foreign policy. The agreement opened closer military cooperation between Canada and the United States and created the Permanent Joint Defence Council, which remains the main advisory body for continental security, consisting of two national sections made up of diplomatic and military representatives. For seven decades, his meetings served as windows on Canada-U.S.